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Spring 1993 



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Its official. Starting in fall 1994, UW- Stout will offer a degree 
program in manufacturing engineering. 

After years of study and planning, the university gained 
the Board of Regents' approval for the program this February. 

"For a number of years, there has been 
interest in starting an engineering program of 
some type," said Pete Heimdahl, associate 
dean of the School of Industry and Technol- 
ogy, and director of the new program. "Sev- 
eral types of engineering were looked at — 
electrical engineering, mechanical engineer- 
ing. As it turned out, manufacturing engi- 
neering was a really good fit for Stout." 

The program will be one of only a handful 
of dedicated manufacturing engineering un- 
dergraduate programs in the world, and the 
only one in the UW System. 

Manufacturing engi neers direct and coor- 
dinate processes in manufacturing plants, 

help with product engineering and tooling, 
set up production schedules, direct flow of 
materials through a factory, and design, plan 
and set up production equipment. 

They work in production teams, with the 
types of people who graduate from three of 
UW-Stout's programming areas: manage- 
ment, industrial technology and business. 
Much of the curriculum is set up to give 
students experience working on teams. 

"In our capstone course, manufacturing 
engineering and industrial technology stu- 
dents will work as a team to design a produc- 
tion line," Heimdahl said. 'The idea is for 
them to interface with people of different 

backgrounds and capabilities." 

The university either has or is in the 
process of constructing facilities to support 
the manufacturing engineering program. 
Equipment used in other programs will also 
be used in the new degree program, Heimdahl 

"We're going to use all the equipment we 
have, not just for the manufacturing engi- 
neering students," he said. "The equipment 
would exist whether or not we had the manu- 
facturing engineering program. It's used to 
support our other important programs." 

Many of the laboratories that manufactur- 
ingengineeringstudents will use will be housed 

Spring 1993 • Stout Magazine 

"UW-Stout's true strength has been its ability to change in order to meet the evolving needs oj society. 
Without this constant review of new needs, we would not be the highly respected institution we are today. " 

Chancellor Charles W. Sorensen 



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in the remodeled Fryklund Hall. 

Much of the required curriculum, and 
many of the needed faculty, are also in place, 
Heimdahl said. Last summer the university 
received a $1 million gift to establish an 
endowed manufacturing engineering chair. 

"We have a tremendous amount of sup- 
port for this project from numerous Wiscon- 
sin businesses and especially the Northern 
Wisconsin Technology Council," Chancel- 
lor Charles W. Sorensen said. 'The private 
sector sees the value of this new program and, 
assuredly, will continue to support it." 

While the degree program will not begin 
for many months, Heimdahl said he talks to 
interested students and parents each week. 
He wants prospective students to know that 
the program will be demanding. But the 
rewards are great. Starting salaries for manu- 
facturing engineers average more than 

$30,000 a year. 

"We're looking for students who are good 
with numbers, who can handle mathematical 
concepts, computers and physical concepts, 
yet like to get theirhands dirty with mechani- 
cal things," Heimdahl said. 

While the program continues the UW- 
Stout tradition of study that includes theory 
and application, Sorensen said the addition 
of manufacturing engineering moves UW- 
Stout into a "new era." 

"UW-Stout's true strength has been its 
ability to change in order to meet the evolv- 
ing needs of society," Sorensen said. "With- 
out this constant review of new needs, we 
wouldnotbe the highly respected institution 
we are today. Manufacturing engineering 
represents the beginning of another new era 
for the university as we prepare to address the 
needs of the 2 1 st century." ^ 

Joint pre-engineering agreement 
signed with UW-Platteville 

Students interested in the new manufacturing engineer- 
ing program may get a head start working toward the 
degree — at two locations. 

UW-Stout and UW-Platteville have signed a joint 
pre-engineering agreement that enables students to com- 
plete an engineering degree at one institution, after two 
years of pre-engineering study at the other institution. 

Chancellor Charles W Sorensen said the agreement 
underscores the cooperative efforts in the UW System in 
the field of engineering. 

'This is an excellent example of how UW System 
campuses are able to work cooperatively in order to 
better serve the public," Sorensen said. "Here we have 
expanded educational opportunities for students at no 
additional cost." 

Students considering beginning their engineering 
program at one university and completing it at the other 

• Meet the entrance requirements of both institu- 

• Meet the requirements for admission to the 
professional degree program at the university 
where they plan to cornplete their degree. 

• Satisfy the general education requirements of 
the institution granting the degree. 

Additionally, UW-Stout and UW-Platteville have 
agreed to: 

• Offer approved engineering courses on a regu- 
lar basis, so students entering as freshmen can 
complete the pre-engineering program in two 
years of full-time study. 

• Ensure that library facilities, teaching laborato- 
ries, computing resources, and other educa- 
tional facilities are adequate and meet the stan- 
dards of the Accreditation Board for Engineer- 
ing and Technology. 

• Explore ways students can work with industry, 
through summer employment and internships. 
Joint research and development projects in- 
volving the faculty and staff of both institutions 
and regional industries will also be explored. 

• Explore opportunities for "distance learning," 
particularly shared course work through tele- 

The joint program begins fall 1993 and will continue 
until termination by either institution. 

Stout Magazine • Spring 1993 

Telling the Truth 

Sometimes children can be so embarrassing. 
You claim to have a previous commitment 
to get out of a boring function, and they 
protestyourlie. In frontof the wrong person. 
At the wrong time. 

You tell them to be truthful, and in re- 
sponse they tell their birthday party guests 
exactly what they think of their gifts. And it 
isn't positive. 

Few parents would advocate lying. Yet 
most want their children to be polite and to 
accept and tell "social" lies. 

'There are constantly two standards being 
produced here," said Ed Wenzel, an assistant 
professor in the department of human devel- 
opment, family livingand community educa- 
tional services at UW-Stout. "It gets more 
complex as the child ages, with the social lies 
and the reasons for lying that are supposedly 
legitimate, or at least excusable. At the same 
time, other lies are considered totally wrong." 
Children younger than four may not be 
able to understand the consequences of tell- 
ing lies, according to Mark Casertano, an 
associate professor in the same department as 

"Young children don't understand moral 
reasoning. They may be making a game of 
telling lies," he said. 

Yet, many parents expect their children at 
an early age to know the difference between 
truth and lies, understand that there are two 
sets of lies, and accept that sometimes lying is 
considered good. 

"In reality, we're giving our children rea- 
sons to lie," Casertano said. "We're teaching 
them that telling the truth is good, but lying 
is necessary so you don't hurt someone. That's 
difficult for a 5-year-old to understand." 

Children learn patterns of lying, from 
outright untruths to social lies, from the role 
models in their lives, including their parents, 
Wenzel and Casertano said. Children lie for 
the same reasons adults do: to avoid punish- 
ment or embarrassment, to increase status or 
bolster self-esteem, to get something they 
want, and eventually, to protect others' feel- 

Like adults, children may know that they 
are going to get in to trouble if they lie, but the 

"To better prepare your child for life, 

you would think you would want to teach the child not to lie. 

And the hest way to do that is to model the behavior. " 

Mark Casertano 

possibility that they may be able to lie and 
avoid punishment may be too tempting to 

"If you think about it, you have much more 
to lose when you lie as an adult," Casertano 
said. "If a child lies, the most that happens is 
that he loses a privilege or something similar. 
You lie on the witness stand as an adult and 
you can go to jail. Lie in other circumstances 
and you can lose your job. To better prepare 
your child for life, you would thinkyou would 
want to teach the child not to lie. And the best 
way to do that is to model the behavior." 

Casertano said he questions the wisdom 
of teaching children to tell social lies. As an 

adult, he prefers to know the truth, even if the 
truth is not immediately pleasant, he said. 

"In the long run, how will a lie affect us? 
When you tell a lie, it often brings immediate 
satisfaction, not long term," he said. 

When children catch their parents lying, 
the parents should admit their untruths, 
Casertano said. And when parents catch their 
children lying, they can use the moment to 
enforce the value of telling the taith. 

"Just deal with the lie in an appropriate 
manner, and continue your efforts to teach 
them that telling the truth is best," Wenzel 
said. ♦ 

Spring 1993 . Stout Magazine 

From Riches to Rags 

No, your closet isn't shrinking. Your ward- 
robe is growing. 

Two UW-Stout researchers studied what 
Americans do with their used clothing. 
Jacquelene Robeck and Leland Nicholls 
learned that Americans like to keep their 
clothes. And if Americans do discard cloth- 
ing, very little of it ends up in the country's 
private or public landfills. 

"It's a very small part of the waste stream, 
but it's a very visible part of our lives," said 
Nicholls, a professor in the hospitality and 
tourism department. 

Robeck and Nicholls surveyed randomly 
selected residents of Menomonie and Phoe- 
nix, Arizona to determine what clothing 
people believe they buy in a year, and what 
they didwith clothing they no longer wanted. 

On the average, survey respondents 
claimed they purchased 62 pieces of clothing 
a year, and got rid of 4 1 items. They reported 
putting only 7 percent of those discards into 
public or private landfills. Most clothing dis- 
cards were hosiery, socks and underwear. 

The researchers learned that family in- 
come and size have less to do with discards of 
clothing than may have been imagined. 

"I think we assume that the more money 
you make, the more clothing you can afford 
to throw away. That's not true across the 
board," said Robeck, an associate professor of 
apparel, textiles and design. 

People who make more money tend to 
discard more sports jackets and underwear, 
but they are no more wasteful than others 
when it comes to outerwear, baby clothing 
and suits, Robeck said. 

In general, the larger the household size, 
the greater the number of apparel discards, 
except suits, Robeck said. She noted that suits 
are a higher-priced apparel item, and are 
generally purchased for many years of use. 

"You'd think that the larger the household 
size, the more you have to buy and the more 
you either throw away oryou endup handing 
down items," she said. "But once again, it does 
not matter what the household size is. We 
keep clothing. We're not throwing it away. 
Outerwear, sweaters — we just hang on to 

"We're going to be 
thinking in the future, 
when we huj an item, 

about how we're 

going to get rid of it." 

Lee Nicholls 

While the wealthy have always been able 
to afford large wardrobes, only recently have 
working class people been able to buy many 
clothes. Bonnie Kirkwood, an assistant pro- 
fessor in UW-Stout's apparel, textiles and 
design department, said the lean fashion sil- 
houette of the 1 920s coincided with the start 
of mass production of clothes to make it 
possible forlowerandmiddle income women, 
in particular, to purchase more clothing. 

In those early years of expanding ward- 
robes, there was more concern in general 
about disposal of waste, Nicholls said. 

'There were more cities recycling as com- 
munities in 1920 than there were just a few 
years ago," he said. 

As landfill space has become scarce, Ameri- 
cans have shown a renewed concern about 

disposal of waste and recycling, Nicholls 
said. He predicted that consumers will be- 
come even more concerned about the life of 
the products they purchase. 

"We're going to be thinking in the future, 
when we buy an item, about how we're going 
to get rid of it," Nicholls said. 

Robeck predicts a new attitude toward 
consumerism that will also impact how much 
clothing people purchase, and how they dis- 
pose of it. 

"I believe we're moving toward a different 
materialism," she said. 'There's too much 
clothing and we're feeding into it. They're 
just designing more. Maybe we don't need 
that much. Maybe we're going to change, and 
the environment is going to influence our 
decisions." ♦ 

Stout Magazine • Spring 1993 

Questioning Assumptions 

Furniture promotes ©o»ntenipiati®n ? conversation 

Most people expect furniture to be stable. A 
furniture grouping developed by Robert 
Rabinovitz, assistant professor of industrial 
design at UW-Stout, "wiggles" — by design. 
"I'm questioning the whole idea of stabil- 
ity, and the past notion that a table has four 
legs, or a chair has four legs and supports us," 
Rabinovitz said. "It grew out of an awareness 
for me that life is unstable. What we think is 
stable really isn't. It's all just an illusion." 

A major retailer has expressed interest in 
Rabinovitz' non-traditional approach to tra- 
ditional home furnishings. Part of the group- 
ing is on display in a gallery in Michigan, and 
the university has awarded Rabinovitz a grant 
to continue his work. 

The grouping includes an end table, larger 
table, chairs and floor lamps. The base of each 
piece is a slab of one-inch thick steel, and the 
supporting structure is an arrangement of 
thin steel rods. 

Sit down, and the chair wiggles. Set down 
a coffee cup, and the end table refuses to 
passively accept the burden. 

'Things can appear stable," Rabinovitz 
said. 'That's why the table doesn't move until 
you touch it or put an object on it. But it's just 
expressing life. That's what happens. Things 
look stable, but they're not." 

The floor lamp is also a column of steel 
rods, anchored with steel plates. 

"It hovers, and then comes back to rest. It's 
an expression ofbeingalive," Rabinovitz said. 
"Ifyouwalkpastit, it will react. It will react to 

Rabinovitz said modern industrial design 
is moving toward creating environments, a 
departure from its traditional goal of improv- 
ing specific objects. 

"Most design in the past has been based on 
function or form, and my work is based on 
phenomena — anythingthatcanhelpus medi- 
tate or transcend the physical state," he said. 
That's the point of his table design. 
The table includes a light at floor level that 
projects upward, through the table top of 
sandblasted glass. The design on the glass 
faces the floor, and the upper side of the glass 
is smooth. On the top, Rabinovitz has placed 
fine white sand. 


Wloat- wetbink is'stable really isn't. lt'§ alt just an'tlhisfom! ■] 

Robert Rabinovitz • " 

He said the attraction for adults is much 
the same as a sandbox for children. 

'The function is meditation, conversation 
and experience, alone or shared with others," 
he said. 

Rabinovitz said he will have to make some 
adjustments in the designs. Each chair, for 
example, weighs 240 pounds. He is experi- 
menting with materials other than steel. 

But he said he is driven to continue to 
design items that promote contemplation 
and question assumptions. 

"I am ultimately interested in work that 
stimulates our senses, and helps to bring 
about an awareness of the immensely sensi- 
tive qualities of the human condition which 
may, in turn, open up possibilities in the realm 
of human relationships," he said. <♦ 

Spring 1993 • Stout Magazine 

Reducing Ranks 

End ©f cold war initiates military streamlining 

A UW-Stout professor is helping one of the 
country's largest employers cut its work force 
by 25 percent in five years. The employer is 
the U.S. Army. This summer, psychology 
professorMitchell Sherman helped the Army 
set up a system of incentives to encourage 
people to leave military service. 

The endof the Cold Warsignaled the start 
of a streamlined military, Sherman said. 

'They've got to do something that's the 
inverse of anything they've ever done be- 
fore," Sherman said. "Historically, what they've 
done is get larger, get people promoted 
quickly. Now they have to do exactly the. 
opposite — decrease the size, slow down the 
promotion rates, get people at higher levels 
to leave voluntarily." 

The Army must reduce ranks at all levels, 
while maintainingbasic services and continu- 
ing to provide a military presence. The Army 
also wants a reduction plan that does not 
adversely affectminorities, including women, 
Sherman said. 

Service personnel will be given severance 
pay if they agree to leave the Army. Sherman, 
who teaches courses on compensation sys- 
tems, examined the Army's research on how 
to encourage people to re-enlist and identi- 
fied factors that make people more likely to 
want to remain in the military. He used those 
factors to determine how much the severance 
pay offer should be. 

'The more you identify with the military 
life, the less likely you'll want to give it up," 
Sherman said. 'The longeryou've been there, 
the more likely you're going to stay. The 
higher your rank, the more likely you're go- 
ing to stay." 

Military personnel are also more likely to 
want to remain in the Army if they are con- 
cerned about their chances of getting a civil- 
ian job, Sherman said. 

"Some politicians have talked about the 
need to provide retraining and help people 
find new jobs as we decrease the size of the 
military," Sherman said. "But we've got to 
make sure that the private economy is func- 
tioningstrongenoughtoabsorb those people. 
You have to provide the social and psycho- 
logical supports to the family. To the extent 

"They've got to do something 

that's the inverse oj anything 

they've ever done before. " 

Mitchell Sherman 

that those things are in place, it makes it easier 
for people to leave and it becomes part of the 
incentive to leave." 

The Army also reduced its forces after 
World War II, but that reduction does not 
compare to this effort, Sherman said. It in- 
volved mostly lower-ranking personnel, and 
social conditions were different. 

"People were more eager to hire the veter- 

ans," Sherman said. 'The economy was bet- 
ter. We were not in an international economy 
where we were competing with Germany 
andjapan — they were devastated. It was easy 
to findjobs. Now it's not. So what we're doing 
is decreasing the military and putting people 
into an economy that's in very bad shape." 

The downsizing will cut an estimated 
1 90,000 people from the Army. ♦ 

Stout Magazine • Spring 1993 

Hard Work Enhances Child's Play 

The assignment was child's play. Literally. 

Students in an apparel design class at UW- 
Stout created 10 sets of dramatic play cloth- 
ing for children at the university's Child and 
Family Study Center, a child-care facility that 
serves as a laboratory for the early childhood 
education program. 

Creating "fun" clothing was a demanding 

"I wanted them to think of other people's 
needs and interests, and use their creativity," 
said Donna Albrecht, a professor of apparel, 
textiles and design. 

First, the student designers had to learn 
about their "clients." Most of their design 
projects focus on adults. Only one of the 
program's many mannequins is child-sized. 

Their research took them to the observa- 
tion room of the Child and Family Study 
Center to learn about children. They noted 
children's dexterity, activities and attitudes 
when involved in dramatic play. 

Albrecht and the director of the center, 
Carolyn Barnhart, worked with head teach- 
ers at the center to set up guidelines for the 
project. One of the most important consider- 
ations was that the clothing support the 
center's educational units. 

'The dramatic clothing supports a unit 
theme, and the theme meets objectives that 
are educationally and developmentally ap- 
propriate for2- to 6-year-olds," Barnhart said. 

Rita Devery, a head teacher at the center, 
said clothing and accessories enhance the 
setting for children's dramatic play, and help 
the children learn. 

"As they're playing, they're developing 
their social skills, learning cooperation," she 
said. 'They're learning how to get along 
together. Dramatic play is the medium." 

The themes for the clothing were sports, 
movie characters, fairy tales, artists, animals, 
seasons, costumes and professions. The out- 
fits had to represent identifiable characters, 
fiteasilyoverday clothing, fitseveral sizes of 
children and be durable. 

Students worked in teams to create outfits 
with multiple accessories. For some students, 
working with children was a new experience. 

'They were a lot smaller than I'd thought," 






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Susan Horkey, right, a senior majoring in apparel design/manufacturing, from Windom, Minnesota, is a member of the 
design team that created the cat costume worn by Matthew Evenson. 

said Susan Horkey, an apparel design student 
from Windom, Minnesota. "We observed 
them through the observation window at the 
center, but when you're working on the pro- 
ject, it's hard to remember how small the 
children are." 

The project finale was seeing the children 
using the dramatic play clothing. 

'The draping students had a great time 
doing the assignment, the children at the day 
care were delighted to act out characters in 
new costumes, and the day-care personnel 
felt their time with the students was well 
spent for the additional dramatic play items," 
Albrecht said. ♦ 

Spring 1993 • Stout Magazine 

Mapping Our Future 

Profess©!" feels people need to understand technology 

Nuclear power, automation andgeneticengi- 
neering have become household terms. But a 
study conducted by Ken Welty, an associate 
professor in UW-Stout's communication, 
education and training department, shows 
few people understand those technologies. 

Welty says the study has important social 
implications, because without a knowledge- 
able, attentive public, decisions regarding 
technology will be made by experts, not by 
the people. 

"That's contraiy to our democratic ideal. 
We have a democratic ideal that says that 
those who are governed have a right to say 
how they will be governed," Welty said. 'To 
let the 'technocrats' make decisions means 
accepting that they may be acting in their 
own best interests." 

The study, a telephone survey of 266 
adults living in one county in Illinois, can be 
generalized to many parts of the Midwest, 
Welty said. 

"It's a perspective from the heartland of 
America," he said. "I don't think it generalizes 
to the East Coast or California. But I think it 
gives us a view of Midwestern perspective." 

Welty asked participants to define nuclear 
power, automation, and genetic engineering, 
and list advantages and disadvantages of the 

He then asked respondents to report their 
political activity level, and to indicate whether 
or not they read about science and technol- 
ogy or view television programs on related 
subjects on a regular basis. 

Only 1 percent of the respondents were 
identified as being "attentive" to technologi- 
cal issues, or capable of and likely to try to 
influence policy makers. While 90 percent 
said they believe they can influence policies 
on technology, 86 percent said they believe 
most citizens are not informed enough to 
provide useful input for decisions on techno- 
logical policies. 

'Theoretically, policy makers will now 
make policies regarding emerging technolo- 
gies, in a vacuum," Welty said. "In the absence 
of popular opinion, the policy maker has no 
one to go to but the technocrats." 

Forty percent of the people participating 

in the survey said they believed policy deci- 
sions on technologies should be left to the 

Welty said he believes society needs more 
people to be attentive to technological issues, 
to ensure that policy makers hear from the 
public, and not just the experts in any field. 
'There's a delayed reaction with techno- 
logical changes, and that's what makes the 1 
percent rather scarey," he said. "We have 10 
percent trying to govern things that really 
don't have any clear implications at the time 
when they need to be governed." 

In genetic engineering, for example, re- 
search is now being conducted that may 
allow medical personnel to predict a person's 
predisposition to various diseases or condi- 
tions through a blood test. 

"Should insurance companies be able to 
have that information, to determine your 
insurance risk?" Wei ty asked. 'The window of 
opportunity to espouse your position on that 
and help shape policy is now, not after com- 
panies have spent years following the issue 
and have spent money to get the best speak- 
ers, the best lobbyists, and so on." 

Not everyone needs to be attentive, Welty 
said, just as not everyone has to be involved 
in promoting the arts in a community. But he 
challenged elementary and middle schools to 
change their approach to science and tech- 
nology to give students opportunities to de- 
velop their interest. 

"Public education needs to be in the op- 
portunity business," Welty said. "It needs to 
provide every citizen with an opportunity to 
discover and develop an interest in science 
and technological things, and for them to 
realize their potential to be active players in 
that enterprise." 

People who are no longer in school can 
develop an understanding of emerging tech- 
nologies by reading scientific magazines and 
watching television documentaries, which 
are usually aired on non-commercial stations, 
Welty said. 

One of the most "technologically aware" 
respondents to the survey was a 90-year-old 
woman in a small, economically distressed 
town, he said. ♦ 

"Public education. . . 

needs to provide 

every citizen 

with an opportunity 

to. discover and develop an 

interest in science 

and technological things, 

and for them to 

realize their potential 

to be active players 

in that enterprise. " 

Ken Welty 

Welty receives manuscript award 

Ken Welty, an associate professor | 
and technology education under- 
graduate program director, is a re- 
cipient of the Outstanding Disser- 
tation Manuscript Award from the 
"Journal of Industrial Teacher Edu- 

The selection was made by an 
Awards Task Force composed of 
three past editors of the journal | 
and three current National Asso- 
ciation of Industrial and Technical Teacher Educator 

Frank Pratzner, editor of the journal, presented the 
award to Welty at the National Association of Industrial 
and Technical Teacher Educator breakfast and business 
meeting during the American Vocational Association 
conference held recently in St. Louis. 

"Welty is the kind of professional needed to guide 
our programs into the next decade," said Bruce Siebold, 
dean of the School of Industry and Technology. 

Stout Magazine • Spring 1993 

Studying Success 

Researcher interviews farming families 

Since the late 1970s, UW-Stout psychology 
professor Mike Ritland has been looking for 
success — in other people. 

Ritland has interviewed an estimated 300 
people who have been identified by others as 
being successful. His most recent group was 
retired western Wisconsin dairy farmers iden- 
tified by media farm directors as "self-ful- 
filled," meaning that they were highly satis- 
fied with their lives both personally andoccu- 

Ritland taught career education for many 
years, but also has a personal interest in the 
traits of occupationally successful people. 
People frequently define themselves in terms 
of their occupation, he said. 

"If you travel anyplace and visit with some- 
body, you almost always get around to the 
person's occupation. Normally, it's a non- 
threatening topic of conversation, and most 
people are proud enough of what they've 
done to tell you something about it," he said. 

His interest in dairy farmers began in his 
childhood. When he was nine years old, he 
spent a summer on his grandfathers farm. 
"One day I asked him if he was rich. And he 
said he was the richest man in the world, 
because he had everything he ever wanted," 
Ritland said. That's stuck with me my whole 

He interviewed each farming couple for 
six to eight hours, and said he found the 
retired farmers to be remarkably similar. All 
looked back with great pride on their accom- 
plishments as career dairy farmers. They had 
all gained regional or international recogni- 
tion for their innovations, farming practices 
or diary herds. They were well-read in farm- 
ing matters. 

They had all been raised on dairy farms, 
and agreed that without either growingup on 
a dairy farm or serving an extensive appren- 
ticeship, it would be difficult to become a 
successful dairy farmer. On the average, they 
had farmed 39 years, and waited until after 1 4 
years to take their first vacation. 

"All of these people made money. All of 
these people were very successful," Ritland 
said. "But their first vacation was, on the 
average, after 1 4 years of work. Why? Be- 

» *Tfc i : .A- 



cause there is no takinga day off when you're 
milking cows. Their work ethic became the 
overriding factor in their lives. The vacation 
wasn't that important." 

Ritland said gaining information about 
people by listening to their life stories is not 
acommon research technique. Buthesaidthe 

-. #- , > j 


method is growing in acceptance. 

"Psychobiographies are becoming more 
and more important," he said. 'The person 
who most knows about something that's hap- 
pened is the person who has experienced 
it." ♦ 


Spring 1993 • Stout Magazine 

Yesterdays Fashions 

When the temperature's rising, comfort dic- 
tates fashion. 

That's not the way it's always been. 

"Fashion reflects the way we live," said 
Bonnie Kirkwood of UW-Stout's apparel , tex- 
tiles and design department. "Clothing re- 
flects the lifestyle, morals and economy of the 
times. The study of fashion is a study in 
history, and it's a study in sociology." 

Kirkwood teaches history of fashion, and 
maintains the university's collection of vin- 
tage clothing, donated by individuals and 
institutions such as the Smithsonian. Fashion 
today reflects our desire for comfort and our 
acceptance of diversity, she said. 

Our ancestors appalled. 

A strict Victorian code of morality dic- 
tated fashion in the 1 880s. A woman's under- 
garments alone concealed more than many 
modern hot weather outfits, according to 
Kirkwood. Daytime costumes covered fash- 
ionable women from neck to toes. The de- 
sired silhouette included a "wasp waist" and 

"I think it's interesting that in a certain 1 0- 
year period in the 1 800s, there was only one 
style of sleeve," Kirkwood said. "If you didn't 
wear that silhouette, you were not in style. 
But now we don't have any period of time 
where there is only one style or fashion to 
choose from." 

The active woman today may just pull on 
a pair of shorts and a T-shirt for a summer 
afternoon outing. The stylish woman of the 
1880s began her outfit with cotton or linen 
chemise and drawers, covering her from the 
neck to the knees. Then came the corset, 
longer than a modern girdle, reinforced with 
whalebone, steel or cane. The corset hooked 
in front. A helper pulled the drawstrings 
down the back, to tighten it across the waist 
and ribs. 

Next came a corset cover, to hide the 
corset and protect the dress from its rough 
edges, and cotton or silk stockings. Then 
came layers and layers of petticoats. 

"She'd have maybe five or six layers of 
petticoats, and a bustle," Kirkwood said. 'The 
bustle could be a pad or metal form that held 
the dress out. The woman could also have 

By our standards, 

it would be 


For them, 

it was simply 

a way of 

looking beautiful." 

Bonnie Kirkwood 

pads around her arms to hold the leg o' 
mutton sleeves in shape." 

If the bustle sagged under the weight of 
the skirt, the woman wore a frame attached to 
her hips and backs of the legs to support the 
bustle padding. 

After all those layers came a fitted top with 
high collar and long sleeves, and a draping, 
floor-length skirt, Kirkwood said. 

'The clothing could be fairly heavy," she 
said. "And the woman couldn't sit down. She 
would have to sit on her thigh, on the side, 

and not lean back, because the bustle would 

Tight sleeves kept a woman from bending 
her elbows, and the corset made it impossible 
for her to bend at the waist, Kirkwood said. 
The stylishly dressed woman's summeractivi- 
ties would have been restricted to leisurely 
strolls and conversation. 

"By our standards, it would be uncomfort- 
able," Kirkwood said. "For them, it was simply 
a way of looking beautiful." ♦ 

Stout Magazine • Spring 1993 


Deterring Violence in Schools 

Effort calls ©n parents, scSi©ois ? communities 

Deterring increases in youth violence in the 
state is the goal of a program being planned 
by UW-Stout's Office of Continuing Educa- 
tion/Extension and Summer Session. 

Christopher Smith, a researcher and fund- 
ing specialist with the office, surveyed 3,742 
school and community leaders in Wisconsin 
to determine the extent of their concern over 
violence among youth, and how the univer- 
sity could help challenge growing violence. 

Based on the survey, Smith is developing 
a "community support model" with compo- 
nents for parents, community leaders and 
educators. The model will include educa- 
tional offerings that will enable communities 
to help youth meet their need for a sense of 
belonging, without resorting to joining 
"gangs," Smith said. 

The university's project responds to na- 
tional concern over providing students with 
safe schools, based on the belief that students 
cannot learn if they do not feel safe. 

Smith said he does not want to overstate 
the problem of youth violence in the state. 
The goal of the planned program is to help 
communities develop strategies that will pre- 
vent further growth in the level of violence 
among youth. 

'The news media has chronicled an in- 
crease in youth violence," Smith said. "It is not 
just a school problem. It must be addressed by 
the whole community." 

Nearly half of the respondents said they 
have observed an increase in participation in 
"gangs," or groups that are not sanctioned by 
the community. More than half reported an 
increase in youth aggression, 34 percent re- 
ported an increase in students carrying weap- 
ons, and nearly 47 percent reported an in- 
crease in assaults. 

While urban area respondents noted the 
highest increases in signs of non-sanctioned 
group activity, those from rural districts also 
expressed concern. In northwestern Wiscon- 
sin, more than a quarter of the respondents 
reported an increase in references to partici- 
pation in unsanctioned groups and affilia- 
tions with such groups. 

Smith said he hesitates to use the word 
"gang," because it has become a negative 

"We want to assist communities 

by providing the tools they need to form solutions. 

We want to help people find the motivation 

to make changes in their community 

that will have an effect." 

Christopher Smith 

term. Youth naturally affiliate with groups 
that are acceptable, such as sports groups and 
academic societies, with positive effects, he 

"Affiliation with groups, even unsanctioned 
groups, provides a person with a tie to the 
community," Smith said. "Affiliation with a 
group provides a sense of belonging, a code of 
behavior, and a sense of security. When the 
community doesn't provide these things, 
youth form groups to meet their own needs. 
The concern is over youth who join 
unsanctioned groups that express their iden- 

tity through violence or harm." 

Smith said he believes the model he is 
developing will be appropriate for communi- 
ties nationwide. 

'The community support model will not 
promote a single solution, but will enable 
people to work cooperatively on a unique 
solution for their community," Smith said. 
"We want to assist communities by providi ng 
the tools they need to form solutions. We 
want to help people find the motivation to 
make changes in their community that will 
have an effect." ♦ 


Spring 1993 • Stout Magazine 

Making News 

UW-Stout releases annual placement report 

While many college graduates looked in 
vain for jobs during the recent recession, 
new degree holders from UW-Stout had one 
of the highest placement rates in history, 
according to recently compiled statistics. 

The university's annual placement report 
shows a 95.4 percent placement figure for 
the graduating classes of December 1991 
and May and August 1992. Of those report- 
ing holding jobs, 90.4 percent were em- 
ployed in jobs in or related to their majors at 

Robert Dahlke, U\V-Stout's director of 
Career Services, said the high figures are 
consistent with the strong placement rate 
for UW-Stout graduates over the two de- 
cades that his office has been compiling this 
kind of information. 

"Stout grads typically do well in tough 
economic times because when industry be- 
comes more selective in hiring, they will 
turn to our programs," Dahlke said. "Because 
of the career orientation of our majors, em- 
ployers are often spared the added expense 
of training programs often needed by gradu- 
ates of other institutions." 

Dahlke said this pattern is likely to con- 
tinue. 'We are well into the 1992-93 year, 
and we are generally optimistic about the 
employment picture," he said. "Campus re- 
cruitment was up for the fall semester. This 
is the first time in two years that recruitment 
was up for graduates during the fall semes- 
ter." He said employers are expressing "cau- 

tious optimism" toward expansion of the job 
market for college graduates. "We are seeing 
a few employers this spring that we have not 
seen for three or four years," he said. 

Dahlke said the report covers only under- 
graduate students and counts the 7.8 percent 
who went on to pursue an advanced degree. 
UW-Stout students with graduate degrees 
usually have a placement rate of near 100 
percent, he said. 

Other highlights of the report: 

• While the total placement is up 1 .9 
percent from the previous year, those 
employed in jobs in or related to their 
major is down 4.4 percent. 

• The percent of those going on to an 
advanced degree declined from 8.6 
percent to 7.8 percent. 'This shows 
that employment opportunities di- 
verted some students from staying on 
for further education," Dahlke said. 

• For the first time in many years, 1 00 
percent of those with teaching de- 
grees reported placement. 

• The average salary for the total class 
was lower for two consecutive years: 
$21,963 for 1990-91, $2 1,557 in 1991- 
92. But students who had experience 
in industry, through UW-Stout's co- 
op program, had average salaries of 
$23,206 compared with $20,542 for 
those without co-op experience. 

Building Commission approves 

The State Building Commission has ap- 
proved an $8.2 million addition and remod- 
eling project for Jarvis Hall. 

The Jarvis Hall project involves approxi- 
mately 38,000-square-feet remodeling on 
the first and second floors and a 33,000- 
square-foot addition which will include a 
passenger elevator for handicap access. 

The remodeling will continue the mod- 
ernization of functionally obsolete instruc- 
tional space that was begun in the Fryklund 
Hall project, currently underway. The project 
will also continue implementation of the 
university's space use plan by consolidating 
similar functions and avoiding duplication 
of labs and equipment by creating special 

remodeling projects 

labs that can be used by more than one 

The addition will consolidate the design 
and computer functionsofthecampus, while 
the remodeled Technology Wing will con- 
tain the construction technologies, includ- 
ing model-making, fabrication and proto- 
type development. Remodeling will allow 
single purpose labs to be used for multiple 
technology classes which are now in high 
demand and allow an increase in scheduled 
instruction each day. 

The project will also replace some space 
that will be lost when the 80-year-old Ray 
Hall is demolished. 

Counseling Center accredited 

The University Counseling Center at UW- 
Stout has been accredited by the interna- 
tional Association of Counseling Services 
Inc., an organization of United States and 
Canadian counseling agencies. 

The centerwas evaluated by IACS against 
high standards of counseling practice and 
was found to offer competent and reliable 
professional services to its clientele. Ap- 
proval by IACS is also dependent upon 
evidence of continuing professional devel- 

by IACS 

opment as well as demonstration of excel- 
lence of counseling performance. 

The center is directed by Robert Hoyt 
and offers personal and career counseling. It 
serves UW-Stout students, staff and faculty. 

IACS was founded in 1 972 to encourage 
and aid counseling agencies to meet high 
profsesional standards through peer evalua- 
tion and accreditation, and to inform the 
public about counseling services that are 
competent and reliable. 

AASCU names Sorensen to national retention project 

UW-Stout Chancellor Charles W Sorensen 
is among 36 state college and university 
presidents and chancellors who have been 
invited to participate in a national student 
retention project conducted by the Ameri- 
can Association of State Colleges and Uni- 
versities and funded by a $375,000 grant 
from the Student Loan Marketing Associa- 
tion (Sallie Mat). 

The project was the subject of a focus 
session, "Cost of Attrition: Responsibilities 
for Retention," at AASCU's annual meeting 
in Washington, D.C. Sallie Mae's president 
and chief executiveofficer, Lawrence Hough, 
was the featured speaker. 

Sallie Mae has a strong interest in encour- 
aging educational opportunities for 
underrepresented students, Hough said. "Be- 
cause Sallie Mae works closely with schools 
and others involved in higher education, we 
know how important it is that all students be 
supported in their efforts to stay in school 

and graduate," Hough said. "We believe the 
AASCU program will help strengthen cam- 
pus-based initiatives which encourage and 
support students as they work toward their 
goal of completing their college degrees." 

Selected for his commitment to and in- 
volvement in student retention program- 
ming and measurement, Sorensen and the 
other 35 presidents and chancellors will 
work with national leaders to promote stu- 
dent retention and graduation on their own 
campuses and also serve as resources to other 
colleges in their states and regions. 

The national retention project will bring 
together campus teams to identify and dis- 
seminate information on successful reten- 
tion practices, develop mechanisms to assess 
institutional change and progress in meeting 
student retention and graduation goals, and 
establish networks to promote student re- 
tention and graduation. 

University signs agreement with Mexican institute 

UW-Stout and the Institute Tecnologico y 
de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey in 
Mazatlan, Mexico have agreed to a student 
exchange program. 

Signing the agreement at UW-Stout were 
Ing. Juan Manuel Duran, president- of the 
Instituto Tecnologico y de Estudios 
Superiores de Monterrey, Pacific Zone,- Lie. 
Carlos Serrano, the directorgeneral of Cam- 
pus Mazatlan,- and UW-Stout Chancellor 
Charles W. Sorensen. 

Under the agreement, each campus will 
accept full-time students from the othercam- 
pus as non-degree seekingstudents on a one- 
for-one exchange. Students will pay regular 
full-time tuition and fees to their home insti- 

The Mazatlan campus is offering UW- 
Stout students four study options. Two pro- 
vide an intensive Spanish language program, 
open to all majors, with optional classes in 
Mexican arts and culture, and doingbusiness 

in Mexico. 

The other options provide students ma- 
joring in hospitality and tourism with an 
overview of the hotel and tourism industry 
in Mexico. Classes will also include Spanish 
instruction and information on socio-cul- 
tural values in Mexico. Some classes will be 
taught in Spanish. 

The program, for students majoring in 
hospitality and tourism, will be offered both 
in the summer and as a semester-long expe- 
rience. In the semester program, students 
will be expected to complete a field experi- 
ence in a local hotel. They will work part 
time in two areas of the hotel, such as food 
• and beverage service, reception, or market- 
ing and sales. 

Exchange students from the Mazatlan 
campus will be able to select from all courses 
offered by UW-Stout, provided they meet 
the course prerequisites. 

Tau Chapter of Phi Upsilon Omicron receives award 

UW-Stout's Tau Chapter of the national 
honors society of Phi Upsilon Omicron re- 
ceived their district's Professional Project 

The award recognizes a chapter that has 
successfully initiated a project designed to 
solve important issues affecting the home 
economics profession. Carolyn Barnhart, 
director of the Child and Family Study Cen- 
ter at UW-Stout, represented the Tau Chap- 
ter at the conclave in Buffalo, New York. 

Phi Upsilon Omicron is a national honor 
society that recognizes and encourages aca- 
demic excellence, professional leadership 
and service to the home economics profes- 

The endeavor was a joint effort with the 
School of Home Economics, designed to 
increase enrollment in the home economics 
program at UW-Stout. Tau members trav- 
eled to high schools as part of the Ambassa- 
dorship Program and participated in career 
day events, as well as using a telephone 
campaign to answer questions or concerns 
of students that had been accepted at UW- 
Stout but had not yet committed. 

The projectwas considered to be innova- 
tive because it represented activities that 
could be used by home economics programs 
nationwide to curtail declining enrollments. 

The Tau Chapter was also chosen to host 
the 1994 national conclave. 

Stout Magazine • Spring 1993 


Nicholls will attend program at 

Lee Nicholls, a pro- 
fessor of hospitality 
and tourism and di- 
rector of the Center 
for Hospitality and 
Tourism Research and 
Service at UW-Stout, 
has been accepted to 
the Achieving Break- 
through Service Pro- 
gram at the Harvard University Graduate 
School of Business Administration. 

The Achieving Breakthrough Service is a 
10-day course for experienced managers of 
multi-location organizations engaged in the 
delivery of services. It focuses on developing 
analytic and implementation-oriented skills 


in customer assessment, positioning, operat- 
ing system design and human resource man- 

Nicholls received his doctorate in phi- 
losophy from the University of Tennessee in 
1972. He has been an author, consultant and 
speaker for the past 29 years. He is a 1990 
recipient of a National Restaurant Associa- 
tion Work-Study Grant with Industry and a 
recent Visiting Professor of Tourism at Uni- 
versity of New England-Northern Rivers, 
New South Wales, Australia. 

In 1992, Nicholls was awarded a UW 
System Development Grant for a special- 
ized service management course at the 
Harvard University Business SchooL 

Spain receives leadership award 

Judy Spain, director of 
Residence LifeatUW- 
Stout, was presented 
the prestigious Lead- 
ership and Service 
Award during the As- 
sociation of College 
and University Hous- 
ing Officers-Interna- 
tional annual confer- 
ence in Boston. 

The award recognizes housing profes- 
sionals who have provided ACUHO-I with 
dedicated service and outstanding leader- 
ship, and who have devoted professional 
time and effort to strengthening the goals 
and objectives of the association. 

Candidates for the award must be nomi- 
nated by colleagues. "Nineteen letters were 
received in support of Judy as recipient and, 
in each, Judy was lauded as being a mentor 
and role model for many housing profes- 
sionals," said Helmuth Albrecht, executive 
director of Auxiliary Services. "Judy, an indi- 
vidual whose opinions, thoughts, ideas and 
services are sought after by many of her 
colleagues and friends, is a leader and ex- 
ample to others." 

Spain has served in a number of capaci- 
ties, including president of the UMR- 
ACUHO, member of the ACUHO-I Ex- 
ecutive Board, NACURH adviser and is cur- 
rently secretary of the Foundation Board. 

With heart and hand 

Antique quilts were displayed in the university's new Historic Costume and Textile Gallery 
in the Home Economics Building this semester. 

Many of the quilts in the display were made by the grandmother of Bonnie Kirkwood 
(above), an assistant professor of apparel, textile and design, and curator of the university's 
costume and textilecollection. The program forthe display includedexcerpts from Kirkwood's 
family history and her research on fabrics and fashion at the turn of the century. 

The exhibit, titled "With Heart and Hand," also included photographs, many of them of 
Kirkwood's ancestors, and antique items from the era of the quilts. 

Meierkort is new head football 

UW- Stout's new head football coach is Ed 
Meierkort, former assistant head coach at 
Southwest State University in Minnesota, 
according to Chancellor Charles W. 

Sorensen said, "Ed Meierkort proved to 
be the ideal candidate to meet the demands 
of our football program as they now stand. 
He understands how to develop an aggres- 
sive and motivated program, while keeping 
the educational needs of our student ath- 
letes in the forefront. He appreciates the 
specialized majors offered by UW-Stout 
and understands how these majors will be an 
asset to our athletic recruitment efforts. He 
has already receivedextremely positive feed- 
back from campus and community people 
who have met him. I believe he is capable of 
moving quickly in establishing broad-based 
supportamongcampus and community fans. 
This is a great day for athletics at UW- 

Meierkort, 33, served as assistant head 
coach at Southwest State since 1989, and 
was the team's recruiting coordinator and 
defensive coordinator. A graduate of Da- 
kota Wesleyan University, Meierkort also 
served as defensive coordinator and head 
baseball coach at his alma mater in 1982, 
and was a graduate assistant football coach 
at South Dakota State in 1983. 

In Meierkort's seven years at Southwest 
State, the school became a nationally ranked 
NAIA power, ranking 1 3th in the final 1 992 


■UNRMKBHSI NAIA Division I poll. 
The team won the 
1990 Northern Inter- 
collegiate Conference 
championship and fin- 
ishedilb-I overall to 
rank ninth in the na- 
tional poll. 

Ed Biggerstaff, 
dean of UW-Stout's 
School of Education and Human Services, 
said, "1 am extremely pleased with the pro- 
cess of selecting the new head football coach. 
We had extensive involvement from the 
campus and community, and I know this will 
be valuable in generating support for the 

He added, "Our selection of final candi- 
dates was excellent. The amount of interest 
shown for our coaching position speaks well 
of our team's potential. I believe UW-Stout 
has the capacity to become a winningschool 
in football, as we have been in the past. Ed 
Meierkort brings to us a combination of 
enthusiasm, recruitment strategy, evaluation 
of talent and community commitment that 
will be of great benefit to the Blue Devils." 
Biggerstaff noted that Meierkort made a 
quick transition to the UW-Stout program. 
"Ed will be actively involved in the recruit- 
ment process for next fall. I know that he will 
be pursuing immediately some fine pros- 
pects for next season's team." 

Sabbaticals granted to staff 

Nine UW-Stout faculty members will re- 
ceive sabbaticals during the 1993-94 school 
year through recent action by the UW Sys- 
tem Board of Regents. 

First semester sabbaticals were awarded 
to Charles Krueger, industrial management,- 
and Jim Eggert, social science. 

Second semester sabbaticals were 
awarded to Doug Cumming, art and design,- 
Priscilla Huffman, human development, fam- 
ily living and community educational ser- 
vices,- Patrick Liebergen, music,- and Shirley 


Stewart, rehabilitation. 

Full-year sabbaticals were granted to 
Marian Marion, human development, fam- 
ily living and community educational ser- 
vices,- RobertMeier, English; andjoyjocelyn, 
food and nutrition. 

Sabbaticals are granted by the board to 
recognize teaching efforts and excellence. 
Purpose of the program is to enhance teach- 
ing, course and curriculum development, 
research or other scholarly activities related 
to instructional programs. 

UW-Stout is Fulbright Scholar' 

This spring, UW- 
Stout hosted Jasmine 
Sofia Jannif-Dean, a 
Fulbright Scholar 
from the University 
of the South Pacific 
(LISP), in Suva, Fiji. 

Jannif-Dean, who 
received a master's de- ^^ 
gree in home eco- ■*• 
nomics from UW-Stout in 1983, received 
training in computer aided design (CAD) 
software applications for the apparel indus- 
try and formed recommendations for the 
introduction of CAD training at USP. 

Jannif-Dean said she applied for study at 
UW-Stout because of her positive experi- 
ence at the university as a, master's degree 
student. "On my choices of location, I put 
first place Stout, second place Stout, third 
place Stout," she said. 

s choice 

USP is the only regional university of its 
kind in the world, belonging to 12 Pacific 
island countries. It serves more than 1 3,000 
students, including 6,000 students in exten- 
sion courses and 2,600 full-time, on-campus 
students. Nearly 5,000 students are enrolled 
in other types of program offerings. Stu- 
dents may work toward certificates, diplo- 
mas, undergraduate degrees or graduate 

Jannif-Dean is one of only 360 staff mem- 

"I'm a one-person department. I'm the 
only one teaching clothing, design and tex- 
tiles," she said. 

Apparel manufacturing is an important 
industry in Fiji, Jannif-Dean said. To remain 
competitive, the clothing industries there 
are beginning to adopt the latest technolo- 
gies, including CAD. 


Spring 1993 • Stout Magazine 

Katuri named Outstanding Young Manufacturing Engineer 

Naidu Katuri, a project 
manager with UW- 
Stout's Manufacturing 
Technology Transfer 
program, has received 
the Society of Manu- 
facturing Engineers' 
Outstanding Young 
Manufacturing Engi- 
neer of the Year award 
for 1993. 

This national award is conferred in rec- 
ognition of his significant achievements and 
leadership in the field of manufacturing en- 

Katuri has been involved in manufactur- 
ing engineering since 1987 when he began 
work with MTT as a management engineer 
and project manager. MTT is a state and 
federally funded outreach program which 
provides small and medium size manufactur- 
ers with technical support from UW-Stout 
faculty and students. 

Through his work with MTT, Katuri has 
been instrumental in the revitalization and 
modernization of several Wisconsin manu- 
facturing companies. His project with 
Kewaunee Engineering earned both the 1 99 1 
Technology Transfer Project of the Year 
Award from the National Association of 
Management and Technical Assistance Cen- 
ters, and the 1991 Wisconsin Economic De- 


In 1992, Katuri's project with Barko Hy- 
draulics received a special recognition award 
from Wisconsin Manufacturers and Com- 
merce for industry/university interaction. In 
1 993, the same project received the Wiscon- 
sin Economic Development Association's 
Award for economic development excel- 

The MTT program is an extension of 
UW-Stout's special technology mission 
which emphasizes the direct application of 
technical knowledge to the solution of prac- 
tical problems. The program is funded by 
the USDA/University of Wisconsin-Coop- 
erative Extension, University of Wisconsin- 
Continuing Education Extension, and UW- 
Stout, and operates under the direction of 
the Stout Technology Transfer Institute, a 
consortium of seven technicalcenters housed 
in UW-Stout's School of Industry andTech- 
nology. ' 

Katuri's achievements have played an 
important role in establishing MTT as a 
national model for technology transfer. 
Naidu earned both a BS degree in industrial 
technology and a MS in management tech- 
nology at UW-Stout. 

SME will present the award to Katuri at 
their annual AUTOFACT conference in 
Chicago in November. 

UW-Stout Manufacturing client receives award 

Barko Hydraulics of Superior, Wisconsin, a 
firm that received technical assistance from 
UW-Stout's Manufacturing Technology 
Transfer program, is the recipient of a bien- 
nial Wisconsin Economic Development As- 
sociation Award for Economic Develop- 
ment Excellence. 

A long-time manufacturer of heavy equip- 
ment, Barko was losing marketing share and 
employment from global competition when, 
in 1990, it called on UW-Stout's Manufac- 
turing Technology Transfer program. In the 
past 18 months, with MTT's help, the firm 
has installed the basic components of a world- 
class manufacturing system. Employment 
has risen from 100 employees in 1991 to 
more than 220 this past year. Barko is now 
Superior's largest employer. 

Two UW-Stout students developed com- 
puter aided design (CAD) drawings of the 
facility and a CAD library of hundreds of 
pieces of information about the facility and 
its furnishings. Under MTTs direction, a 
plant-layout team of Barko employees de- 
veloped improved layouts. A second team 
assisted in the selection of a new computer- 
ized accounting, scheduling and ordering 
system that affects nearly all plant opera- 
tions. MTT also introduced materials usage 
and processing concepts to improve effi- 
ciency and reduce inventory. 

Barko's entry in the WEDA competition 
was submitted by Bruce Sieboid, dean of 
UW-Stout's School of Industry and Tech- 

Enger appointed director of University Relations 

John K. Enger, an administrator with 23 
years of service to the institution, has been 
named director of University Relations. 

Enger has served in a variety of roles at 
UW-Stout. He has been a principal media 
spokesman for the institution, and has been 
news service coordinator and operations 
manager in the Office of University Rela- 
tions, where he was associate director. 

In his new position, he will direct the 
overall duties of the office, which includes 
community relations, universitywide publi- 
cations, media relations andspecial projects 
for the chancellor. He will also have over- 

sight responsibility for the university's re- 
cently launched publications identity pro- 

Enger chairs or serves on a variety of 
university committees and is the administra- 
tive representative to the Senate of Aca- 
demic Staff. 

Before joining the Stout staff, he worked 
in broadcasting. He was anchor and assis- 
tant news director at WEAU-TV, Eau Claire 
and was news director of WBIZ radio. 

Enger holds a bachelor of arts degree 
from UW-Eau Claire. 

Wolf returns to classroom 

Virginia Wolf, UW- 
Stout's special assistant 
to the chancellor and 
directorof Affirmative 
Action forthepastfive 
years, is leaving her 
position andreturning 
to full-time teaching 
responsibilities in the 
English department, I 
ChancellorCharlesWSorensen announced. 

Sorensen said Wolf has been a key player 
in carrying out the university's goals of pro- 
motingdiversityamonguniversitystaff mem- 
bers. 'Through Virginia's efforts, the number 
of ranked women faculty members has in- 
creased from 23 to 27 percent in the last five 
years and minority faculty have risen from 2 
to 6 percent," Sorensen said. 

The chancellor noted that Wolf has pro- 
vided campuswide leadership in developing 
sensitivity to gender and ethnic issues. 'Dr. 
Wolf has shaped the culture of this campus 
and strengthened our commitment to mak- 

ing Stout a truly equal opportunity campus," 
Sorensen said. "She has also been a valuable 
asset to me in investigating complaints and 
potential problems dealing with issues of 
racial and sexual harassment. We take these 
matters very seriously at this institution." 

Wolfs contribution to her profession drew 
praise from Marion Swoboda, assistant to 
the UW System President for Equal Oppor- 
tunity Programs. "Virginia's dedication to 
achieving equal opportunities in education 
and employment has been exemplary at ev- 
ery turn," Swoboda said. 'Through her lead- 
ership, UW-Stout has become a model equal 
opportunity institution." 

Wolf will return to the English depart- 
ment, where she is a tenured full professor. 
Her speciality is children's literature. 

Wolf joined UW-Stout in 1977. She 
previously taught in the English department 
at the University of Kansas. She holds a 
Ph.D. in English from that institution, with 
a specialization in modern American litera- 
ture and literary criticism. 

Shaw appointed new coordinator of security 

Dennis L. Shaw has 
been appointed coor- 
dinatorof Security and 

Police Operations at 
UW-Stout, according 
to an announcement 
by Jan G. Womack, 
assistant chancellor 
for Admi nistrative Ser- 

Shaw has been employed at Beloit Col- 
lege, Beloit, since 1978, serving as security 
director for the last three years. He has also 
been employed part time as an instructor at 
Blackhawk Technical College in Janesville 
for the past five years. 

He holds a master of business administra- 
tion degree, with a major in management 
and a bachelor of business administration 
from UW- Whitewater,- and he has an associ- 
ate of science degree from UW Center-Rock 

"I think we are very fortunate to have 
Dennis accept the coordinator position," 
said Womack. "I know he will continue his 
strong commitment to quality service and 
interest in working with students as he be- 
gins his work at UW-Stout." 

Shaw will have responsibility for campus 
security, law enforcement and parking op- 

Changes coming in financial 

Students who rely on financial aid to assist 
them in paying for the cost of a college 
education will find a myriad of changes in 
1 993-94, predicts UW-Stout's Financial Aid 

These changes are the result of the Re- 
authorization of the Higher Education 
Amendments signed into law by former 
President George Bush on July 23, 1992. 

The application process itself has under- 
gone a major change. 'What we applaud is 
the fact that families and students will no 
longer have to pay a fee to find out if they 
qualify for financial aid," said Christine 
Enger, Financial Aid counselor. Effective for 
the 1993-94 academic year, the application 
is free and appropriately named the "Free 
Application for Federal Student Aid," and is 
available now at colleges and high schools. 

Middle-class familieswho have been left 
out of federal and state financial aid now 
have a new loan program available to them. 
The unsubsidized Stafford loan program is 
not based on financial need, so students 
who did not qualify for loan assistance in 
the past may find they have eligibility on 

aid application process 

this program. 

Home equity has been removed from the 
aid formula. Families will no longer be re- 
quired to report the value of their home on 
the application. Farm equity will also be 
excluded if the family resides on the farm. 

In addition, the dependent student will 
income. 'This is good news for those stu- 
dents who make a conscientious effort to 
work their way through college," Enger said. 
"In the past, the formula was punitive to their 

Not all the news is positive, however. 
"While Congress told us that Pell grants 
would be authorized at higher levels, they 
did not appropriate the money to fully fund 
Pell," Enger said. As a result, Pell grant maxi- 
mums decreased and a new Federal Method- 
ology, which assesses need, may actually 
adversely affect certain students. "Once 
again, there is good news and bad," Enger 
said. "Financial aid is so important to access 
for higher education, but loan availability is 
sometimes the family's only option." 

Stout Magazine • Spring 1993 


A Year in Retrospect 

fey Charles W. S©rensen 9 Chancellor 

This has been an exciting and challenging 
year for UW-Stout. In many ways, it repre- 
sents a turning point for this institution as we 
embark on new methods of refining and 
enhancing our mission. While all of us have 
been engaged in a variety of important ac- 
tivities, the following represent some high- 
lights for the year: 

• Planning. Our Strategic Planning Com- 
mittee is now providing an efficient.and 
coordinated approach to introducing 
new goals and ideas. With broad campus 
representation, the committee estab- 
lished six goals for 1992-96: quality aca- 
demic programs,- excellence in teaching, 
scholarly activities and service,- service 
to students,- student outcomes,- institu- 
tional effectiveness,- and resource man- 

• Total Quality Management. Beginning 
with nine focus groups in the fall of 1 99 1 , 
we have now progressed to a point of 
introducing TQM to various functions 
of the university. A successful TQM 
project on space management has en- 
hanced our ability to acquire new capital 
building dollars. We are now developing 
five new TQM projects: the PC software 
purchase process, the university tele- 
phone directory, studentadvisement, re- 
cruitment of students in the top 25 
percent of their graduating class and 

• Administrative Streamlining. Through 
attrition and reorganization, we con- 
tinue to reduce or consolidate adminis- 
trative functions. This will be an ongoing 
challenge to strive for greater efficiency 
and lower administrative costs. 


University of Wisconsin-Stout 

Menomonie, Wisconsin 5475 1 

• Fund Raising. We have reached several 
milestones, including a million dollar 
donation in June and a donation of $ 1 .5 
million last fall. We intend to double the 
Stout University Foundation's endow- 
ment by the end of the decade. 

• Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity 
Issues. Our Affirmative Action Office 
continues to provide leadership in re- 
cruiting women and minorities to our 
staff. The number of ranked women 
faculty members has increased from 23 
to 27 percent in the last five years,- and 
minority faculty have risen from 2 to 6 
percent. The office has also increased 
sensitivity to diversity by conducting 
workshops on topics such as racial ha- 
rassment, sexual harassment and hate 

• Design for Diversity. Minority enroll- 
ment increased 1 1 percent from 1991 to 
1 992, and we continue to have one of the 
highest minority enrollments in the UW 
System. Our achievements included 
combining several services to minority 
students into one office,- introducing or 
identifying 32 courses that meet the 
diversity requirement of our curriculum,- 
formalizing partnerships with several 
high schools with large minority enroll- 
ment,- and maintaining a high level of 
graduate student minority enrollment. 

• Curriculum Revision. We are making 
progress in achieving several goals that I 
presented to the faculty. This fall, we will 
introduce a 44-credit, university-wide 
general education program,- and most of 
our majors will not exceed a 1 24-credit 

graduation requirement. An honors pro- 
gram and writing across the curriculum 
will be introduced in the fall of 1994. 

• Enrollment Management. We met our 
fall goal for reducing enrollment, while 
improving the profile of our students. 
The percentage of freshmen graduating 
in the top half of their high school 
classes increased from 57 percent the 
previous year to 80 percent,- and the 
ACT average increased from 19.6 to 

• Assessment. For more than a decade, we 
have been conducting follow-up studies 
with our graduates and their employers,- 
and since 1 990 we have assessed verbal 
and quantitative skills. This information 
has resulted in improvements for in- 
struction and curriculum. All programs 
are developing additional assessment 
plans which will be in place this year. 

• Faculty Workload. In terms of student 
contact hours, faculty workload at UW- 
Stout is the highest in the UW System. 
In general, we adhere to the 12-credit 
hour standard, but we must also address 
other issues such as professional service, 
community service, economic develop- 
ment activities and the propensity to 
have academic staff teach somewhat 
more than faculty. 

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Eau Claire, Wisconsin 



Stout Magazine 

Stout Magazine is an official publication of University of Wisconsin -Stout. It is 
published biannually by the Office of University Relations and is distributed to 
graduates, friends and faculty of the University. It is entered at the post office in 

Menomonie, Wis., as third class matter. 


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DonStcffen 81 
Mary HinUirun 
Carol Guntlhch 
Kay Krusc-Stanlor, 
Warty Springer W 

Permission to reproduce articles from Stout Magazine is not required so long as 
acknowledgment is given.